REGULATION NO. 1999/20
ON THE BANKING AND PAYMENTS AUTHORITY OF KOSOVO
The Special Representative of the Secretary-General, Pursuant to the authority given to him under United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244 (1999) of 10 June 1999, Taking into account United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) Regulation No. 1999/1 of 25 July 1999 on the Authority of the Interim Administration in Kosovo, For the purpose of strengthening the economy in Kosovo by providing for efficient payments and sound banking systems by establishing the Banking and Payments Authority of Kosovo, Hereby promulgates the following:
Status of the Banking and Payments Authority of Kosovo
The Banking and Payments Authority of Kosovo (hereinafter referred to as "BPK") is a distinct public legal entity.
Wherever used in the present regulation, the following terms shall have the following meanings:
"bank" means a juridical person engaged in the business of accepting deposits in Kosovo and using such funds either in whole or in part to make extensions of credit or investments for the account and at the risk of the person carrying on the business;
"credit" means any direct or indirect commitment to disburse a sum of money in exchange for a right to repayment of the amount disbursed and outstanding and to payment of interest or other charges on such amount, any extension of the due date of a debt, any debt payment guarantee issued, and any commitment to acquire a right to payment of a sum of money; the term "credit" shall not include bank deposits and the purchase of debt securities in the secondary market;
"debt security" means any negotiable instrument of indebtedness and any other instrument equivalent to such instrument of indebtedness, whether in certified or in book-entry form;
"financial institution" means a bank or other juridical person that is engaged in the business of making extensions of credit or investments for the account of and at the risk of the person carrying on the business;
"guidelines" means non-obligatory recommendations or policy statements issued by BPK for the information of banks and other parties concerned with BPK operations;
"International accounting standards" means the most recent international accounting standards issued by the International Accounting Standards Committee;
"order" means an obligatory directive issued by BPK in implementation of the present regulation;
"Reasonable fees" means fees that defray the direct and indirect costs that BPK incurs in providing the service or services for which the fee is charged; and
"rule" means an obligatory directive issued by the BPK in implementation of the present regulation to all banks and financial institutions.
Capacity of the BPK
3.1 The BPK shall have the capacity to:
Enter into contracts; and
For the purpose of its business, acquire, hold, and dispose of property, whether movable or immovable.
3.2 The BPK may utilize and administer on behalf of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo ("UNMIK") property of the National Bank of Kosovo, headquartered at Marshall Tito street in Pristina (now known as Mother Teresa street), and of the Public Payments Service of Kosovo, headquartered at Lenin street in Pristina.
4.1 The BPK shall exercise all powers specifically granted by the present regulation and other applicable laws and such incidental powers as shall be reasonably necessary to carry out the powers so granted.
4.2 BPK shall enjoy operational and administrative autonomy, except as provided in the present regulation. No person shall seek improperly to influence any BPK Governing Board member or employee in the discharge of his or her duties or to interfere in the activities of the BPK.
The principal objectives of the BPK are to:
Foster an efficient and safe system for domestic payments; and
Foster the liquidity, solvency, and efficient functioning of a stable market-based banking system.
The BPK shall have the following specific powers:
To recommend broad policy guidelines to the Special Representative of the Secretary-General in areas under its responsibility, under the guidance of the Deputy Special Representative for Economic Reconstruction and Development;
To formulate and implement measures for, and supervise and regulate, payments and settlement systems for transactions in domestic and foreign currency in Kosovo;
To own and operate one or more payments systems;
To act as banker to the Central Fiscal Authority and to provide financial advice at its request;
To act as fiscal agent of the Central Fiscal Authority;
To hold foreign currency deposits of banks, the Central Fiscal Authority, and other entities;
To ensure an adequate supply of bank notes and coins for the settlement of cash transactions;
To maintain a depository for safe keeping of currency and securities;
To license, supervise, and regulate banks;
To supervise and regulate dealers in foreign exchange; and
To conduct regular economic and monetary analysis of the Kosovo economy, make public the results, and submit proposals and measures to the UN Interim Administration in Kosovo on the basis of such analysis.
Cooperation with the Interim Civil Administration
7.1 The BPK shall cooperate with UNMIK, the UN Interim Administration in Kosovo and its entities in pursuing its objectives.
7.2 The BPK shall provide general information as requested from time to time by the Central Fiscal Authority and other entities of the UN Interim Administration in Kosovo with respect to payments, banking and financial matters and they shall provide information to the BPK from time to time as the BPK may request concerning macroeconomic and financial matters.
8.1 The BPK may participate in meetings of international councils and organizations concerning technical aspects of payments systems, bank supervision and the other matters that are within its fields of competence.
8.2 The BPK may provide banking and payments services for the benefit of foreign governments, foreign banks and foreign monetary authorities and for public international organizations and other international institutions.
The BPK shall inform the public and the Central Fiscal Authority on a regular and timely basis of its analysis of macroeconomic and financial market developments and on related statistical information.
Offices of the BPK
The head office of the BPK shall be in Pristina. The BPK may establish branches, liaison offices, and operations facilities at places or in countries where it deems necessary.
11.1 The BPK may open accounts on its books only on behalf of the Central Fiscal Authority and other entities of the UN Interim Administration in Kosovo, banks lawfully operating in Kosovo, foreign banks, public international financial institutions, and donor organizations. The BPK may not open accounts for natural persons or enterprises.
11.2 All depository account liabilities of the BPK shall have corresponding assets as provided in section 48 below.
12.1 The authorized capital of the BPK shall be Deutsche Marks 5 million. Thereafter, the capital and the General Reserve accounts shall be equivalent to five percent of the aggregate amount of the credit balances of all accounts maintained on the books of the BPK by account holders shown on the balance sheet of the BPK for the end of each financial year. The capital may be increased by such amounts as may be determined by the BPK and approved by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General. The BPK capital shall not be subject to encumbrance.
12.2 No reduction of capital shall be effected except by promulgation of a regulation by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General.
On a monthly pro forma balance sheet of the BPK the value of its assets falls below the sum of its liabilities and its unimpaired authorized capital, or
The net profit of the BPK for any financial year is insufficient to increase the capital and General Reserve accounts of the BPK to a level equivalent to five percent of the aggregate amount of the credit balances of all accounts maintained on the books of the BPK by account holders shown on the balance sheet of the BPK for the end of that financial year,
the Central Fiscal Authority shall, within one month after publication of that balance sheet, use its best efforts within the available resources to make a capital contribution to the BPK in such amount or amounts as shall be necessary to remedy this deficit.
Determination and Allocation of Income
13.1 For each financial year, the net profit or the net loss of the BPK shall be calculated in accordance with international accounting standards.
13.2 Net income shall be allocated in each year to a General Reserve account until the capital and General Reserve accounts are equal to five percent of the aggregate amount of the credit balances of all accounts maintained on the books of the BPK by account holders shown on the balance sheet of the BPK for the end of each financial year.
13.3 Any balance of net income shall be transferred to the Central Fiscal Authority as revenue for the budget.
13.4 If there is a net loss, it shall be charged to the General Reserve account or to capital, in that order.
All proposed material expenditures of the BPK shall be reported in an annual budget to be approved by the Governing Board and submitted for information to the Central Fiscal Authority.
Organization and Administration
Organization of the BPK
The BPK shall have a Governing Board, a management and a staff.
The Governing Board
16.1 The Governing Board shall formulate policies for the operations of the BPK and supervise their implementation.
16.2 The staff of the BPK shall report, not less than ten times each year, to the Governing Board on the conduct of its operations and policies, on the soundness of the financial system, and on the state of the money, capital and foreign exchange markets, including all events and conditions that have or are expected to have a significant effect on the administration or operations of the BPK or on the conduct of its policies or on the financial system or on the before-mentioned markets.
Powers of the Governing Board
The Governing Board shall have the following powers:
To determine the policies for the execution of the powers of the BPK described in section 6 and to supervise their implementation by the management and staff;
To adopt all rules, orders and guidelines issued by the BPK;
To approve all reports and recommendations that the BPK makes to the UN Interim Administration in Kosovo;
To make recommendations to the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on the BPK's participation in technical consultations with international organizations;
To adopt the by-laws of the BPK;
To determine the organization of the BPK;
To approve the appointment of the Inspector General of the BPK;
To establish and close branch offices and agencies of the BPK;
To determine the budget of the BPK and the terms and conditions of employment of BPK employees, agents and correspondents;
To determine the accounting policies of the BPK and to approve the periodic reports and financial statements of the BPK;
To decide on the incurring of debt in material amounts by the BPK and the terms and conditions of such debt;
To determine the categories of assets that shall be suitable for investment of the BPK's financial resources; and
To approve or deny applications for bank licenses and to revoke bank licenses.
Constitution of the Governing Board
18.1 The Governing Board shall be composed of seven persons appointed by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General: the Chairperson, the Managing Director, the Deputy Managing Director for Bank Supervision and Regulation, the Deputy General Manager for Payments, and three other persons (two of whom shall be appointed from UNMIK).
18.2 Governing Board members must be persons of recognized integrity and professional experience in financial and banking matters.
18.3 The term of each member of the Governing Board shall be six years. Members of the Governing Board shall be eligible for reappointment.
Compensation of Members of the Governing Board
The members of the Governing Board shall receive compensation from the BPK similar to that received by persons holding executive or non-executive positions with supervisory or managing boards, as the case may be, in large commercial banks in the region.
Ineligibility to Serve on the Governing Board
No person shall serve on the Governing Board while he or she is an official or employee of a bank operating through offices in Kosovo or is a beneficial owner of five percent or more of an equity interest in a bank.
Disqualification and Removal of Members of the Governing Board
21.1 Any member of the Governing Board shall be removed from the Board by the Board, or by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General if the Board fails to act, if he or she:
Becomes ineligible to serve on the Governing Board pursuant to section 20;
Has been convicted of an offense which carries a sentence of imprisonment without the option of a fine;
Has been a debtor in a bankruptcy or insolvency proceeding;
Has, on grounds of personal misconduct, been disqualified or suspended by a competent authority from practicing a profession; or
Has been found by a majority of the members of the Governing Board to have engaged in illegal activity or serious misconduct in office.
21.2 In addition to the provisions of section 21.1, any member of the Governing Board may be removed from the Board by the Board or by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General if the Board fails to act, upon a finding and recommendation by a majority of the members of the Governing Board that the member:
Is unable to perform the functions of such office because of an infirmity of body or mind that has lasted for more than two months; or
Has been absent from three consecutive meetings of the Governing Board without, in the opinion of the Governing Board, justifiable reason.
Members of the Governing Board may resign by giving not less than one month notice in writing to the Special Representative of the Secretary-General.
Vacancy on the Governing Board
Any vacancy on the Governing Board shall be filled by the appointment of a new member of the Governing Board in accordance with section 18.
Meetings of the Governing Board
24.1 The meetings of the Governing Board shall be chaired by the Chairperson of the Governing Board or, in his or her absence, by another member of the Governing Board.
24.2 The Governing Board shall meet as often as the business of the BPK may require but not less frequently than once each calendar month.
24.3 Meetings of the Governing Board are convened by the Managing Director; they may also be convened at the written request of any two members of the Governing Board.
24.4 Governing Board meetings shall be convened by communicating the time, venue and agenda of the meeting to all members of the Governing Board at least five working days before the date set for the meeting; in the event of an emergency, meetings may be so convened at shorter notice.
24.5 Each member of the Governing Board shall have one vote. In the event of a tied vote, the Chairperson shall cast a tie-breaking vote.
24.6 A quorum for the conduct of business at any meeting of the Governing Board shall consist of five members of the Governing Board.
24.7 Except as otherwise provided by the present regulation, decisions of the Governing Board shall be adopted by a simple majority of those present and voting; however, the by-laws of the BPK may permit meetings and voting by teleconferencing or, in exceptional circumstances, by tested telex or other tested electronic means of communication.
24.8 Subject to the quorum requirement of section 24.6, no act or proceeding of the Governing Board shall be invalidated merely by reason of the existence of a vacancy or vacancies on the Governing Board.
24.9 All acts done by a person acting in good faith as member of the Governing Board shall be valid notwithstanding that some defect in that person. s appointment, eligibility or qualification is afterwards discovered.
Proceedings of Governing Board Meetings
25.1 The proceedings of the meetings of the Governing Board shall be confidential. The Governing Board may decide to make the outcome of its deliberations on any matter public and shall publish promptly its decisions on general policy matters.
25.2 Minutes of each Governing Board meeting shall be signed by the Chairperson or the presiding officer and by the Secretary of the Governing Board.
25.3 The Secretary of the Governing Board shall be appointed by the Managing Director from among the senior staff of the BPK to attend all Board meetings and keep all BPK records and execute such other functions as described in the BPK by-laws. The Secretary shall not be a member of the Governing Board.
Disclosure by Members of the Governing Board; Fiduciary Duties
26.1 Members of the Governing Board shall periodically disclose to the Governing Board in full their significant financial interests which they or members of their household may directly or indirectly possess; such disclosures shall comply with guidelines adopted by the Governing Board.
26.2 Whenever any matter related to such interest is before the Governing Board, the member concerned shall disclose his interest at the beginning of the discussion and shall not participate in the discussion and decision on such matter; however, his or her presence shall be counted for the purpose of constituting a quorum.
26.3 Governing Board members and employees of the BPK have a fiduciary duty to the BPK and to the BPK. s customers to place the BPK's interests and its customers' interests before their own pecuniary interest.
Composition of the Management of the BPK
The management of the BPK shall consist of the Managing Director, the Deputy Managing Director for Bank Supervision and Regulation and the Deputy Managing Director for Payments Systems.
Former members of the Governing Board shall not serve in a professional capacity in a bank in Kosovo during a period of one year immediately following their departure from the BPK.
Management of the BPK
29.1 The Managing Director shall serve as the chief executive officer of the BPK in charge of the day-to-day business of the BPK. If the Managing Director is absent or otherwise unable to act, the Deputy Managing Director of Bank Supervision and Regulation or, in his absence the Deputy Managing Director for Payments Systems shall act as chief executive officer of the BPK.
29.2 The Managing Director shall be responsible to the Governing Board for the execution of its decisions and for the direction and control of the administration and operations of the BPK.
29.3 All powers that are not specifically reserved for the Governing Board shall be vested in the Managing Director. Within the limitations of his powers, the Managing Director shall have the authority to take all actions required or deemed advisable for the administration or operations of the BPK, including without limitation entering into contractual commitments on behalf of the BPK, appointing the employees, agents and correspondents of the BPK, and generally representing the BPK. The Managing Director may, with the approval of the Governing Board, delegate some of his or her powers to other employees of the BPK.
29.4 The Deputy Managing Director for Bank Supervision and Regulation shall be responsible to the Managing Director. Notwithstanding section 17, the Deputy Managing Director for Bank Supervision and Regulation shall have the authority to take enforcement measures, including ordering any bank to take remedial actions, appointing a receiver for a bank, or imposing penalties provided in this Regulation or other applicable laws or regulations on bank licensing and supervision and regulation.
29.5 The Deputy Managing Director for Payments Systems shall be responsible to the Managing Director.
Inspector General of the BPK
30.1 An Inspector General of the BPK shall be appointed by the Managing Director with the approval of the Governing Board. The Inspector General shall be a person who has qualifications which make him or her eligible to serve on the Board.
30.2 The Inspector General may resign from office on giving not less than two months notice to the Managing Director. The Inspector General shall be removed from office only by a decision of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General or the Governing Board that is supported by one or more of the grounds of removal specified in section 21.
30.3 The duties of the Inspector General shall include:
Evaluating the quality of existing and proposed management and financial control systems;
Testing the operation of those systems and the reliability and integrity of information and transactions generated;
Testing the adequacy of controls for safeguarding the assets of the BPK and, when appropriate, verifying the existence of assets;
Testing compliance with laws, regulations, administrative directions rules, orders and policies governing the BPK's operations;
Conducting reviews of the effective and efficient use of the BPK's resources and making appropriate recommendations to management;and
Performing special reviews when requested by management and liasing with the auditors of BPK.
Staff of the BPK
31.1 Staff of the BPK shall not be employed by any person other than the BPK, unless the Governing Board shall otherwise decide.
31.2 The Governing Board shall adopt the terms and conditions of employment that shall include provisions to preclude conflicts of interest.
BPK Employees, Agents and Correspondents
32.1 The Managing Director shall appoint and terminate the appointment of the employees, agents and correspondents of the BPK, within the limits and in accordance with the general terms and conditions of employment adopted by the Governing Board.
32.2 No salary, fee, wage, or other remuneration or allowance paid by the BPK shall be computed by reference to the net income, net profits or other revenues of the BPK.
Conflict of Interest
33.1 The Management and Inspector General shall devote the whole of their professional services to the BPK, and shall not occupy any other office or employment, whether remunerated or not, except as nominee of the BPK and for occasional educational and civic endeavors.
33.2 No member of the Governing Board or staff of the BPK shall accept any gift or credit, or on behalf of any person with whom he or she has family, business, or financial connections, if the acceptance thereof would result, or give the appearance of resulting, in a diminishment of impartial devotion to his or her duties to the BPK.
34.1 No person who serves or has served as a member of the Governing Board or staff or as an auditor, agent or correspondent of the BPK shall, in a manner unauthorized by the present regulation permit access to, disclose or publicize nonpublic material information which he has obtained in the performance of his BPK duties or use such information, or allow such information to be used, for personal gain.
34.2 Notwithstanding section 34.1, such persons may disclose nonpublic material information outside the BPK, in accordance with procedures established by the BPK, but only if:
In accordance with the express or implied consent of the person about whom the information relates;
In performance of a duty to the public to make disclosure, including to aid law enforcement and on the order of a court or other person of competent authority;
Given to the auditors of the BPK;
Given to financial institution supervisory authorities and staff of public international financial institutions in performance of their official duties; or
The interest of the BPK itself in legal proceedings requires disclosure.
Relations with Entities of the UN interim administration IN kosovo
Banker, Financial Adviser, Fiscal Agent
35.1 The BPK shall act as banker and as adviser to, and as fiscal agent of, the Central Fiscal Authority and other entities of the UN Interim Administration in Kosovo provided, however, that no transaction carried out by the BPK may serve to extend credit to or for the benefit of any public authority or any other physical or legal entity.
35.2 The BPK shall have the duty to render advice to the UN Interim Administration in Kosovo on significant financial and banking matters that relate to BPK objectives or that otherwise are within its fields of competence.
35.3 The BPK shall be consulted by the Central Fiscal Authority on the occasion of the preparation of the budget.
Depository and Cashier
The BPK may accept deposits, in any currency, from the UN Interim Administration in Kosovo, the Central Fiscal Authority, and other of its entities. As depository, the BPK shall receive and disburse moneys and keep account thereof and provide other financial services related thereto. The BPK shall pay to the limits of the deposited amounts against payment orders concerning such accounts. The BPK shall pay interest on such deposits at market rates after deduction of reasonable fees.
Fiscal Agency Function
The BPK may, on such terms and conditions as it shall agree with the Central Fiscal Authority, act as fiscal agent for the account of the Central Fiscal Authority and such of its agencies and instrumentalities as UN Interim Administration in Kosovo may determine.
Information to be Provided to the BPK
The BPK shall receive from the Central Fiscal Authority and other entities of the UN Interim Administration in Kosovo all such financial and economic information and documents as the BPK shall request for the carrying out of its functions.
Relations with Banks and Payment Systems Functions
Payments, Clearing and Settlement Facilities
The BPK may organize, own, operate, supervise and regulate systems for payment orders and for clearance and settlement of interbank payments, in currencies it determines, whether or not legal tender, including payments by check and other payment instruments, and shall establish such procedures and issue such rules and orders relating thereto as it shall deem appropriate.
Banks. Accounts on BPK Books
Each bank operating in Kosovo that wishes to participate in a payment, clearing, or settlement system shall open and maintain an account on the books of the BPK, on such terms and conditions as the BPK shall specify, and shall provide promptly as required to the BPK such information concerning its operations and financial condition as the BPK shall prescribe by rule.
The BPK may establish and maintain an information network for the financial system of Kosovo.
Bank Supervision and Regulation
The BPK shall be exclusively responsible for the licensing of banks in Kosovo and for their supervision and regulation and shall be empowered:
To issue such rules, orders and guidelines and to take such other actions, including revoking bank licenses, and assuming control of a failed bank as it shall deem necessary or advisable in order to execute, its powers and responsibilities under the present regulation and other applicable laws;
To cause an inspection to be made by any of its officers or by any other qualified person appointed to that effect, of any bank and to examine its books, records, documents and accounts for the purpose of ascertaining the condition of its affairs and whether it is in compliance with the present regulation, or any rule or order and other applicable law on bank licensing and supervision;
To require a director, officer or employee of a bank to furnish to the BPK such information as requested for the purpose of enabling the BPK to supervise and regulate banks; and
To cause any bank to take remedial actions or to impose penalties provided in the present regulation or any rule or order or other applicable law on bank licensing and supervision if there has been an infraction by a bank or by one or more of its officers or directors with respect to the violation of a provision of the present regulation or any rule or order or other applicable law or a directive of the BPK pursuant thereto or the violation of any condition or restriction attached to an authorization or approval issued to a bank by the BPK or the violation of any rule or order issued by the BPK.
Prudential Rules and Orders
43.1 Each bank shall comply with the rules and orders of the BPK concerning: ) its balance sheet accounts, off-balance-sheet commitments, and income and expense statement items with respect to ratios among accounts or items and
prohibitions, restrictions or conditions concerning specific types or forms of credit or investments, or of credit or investments that exceed a certain amount or forms of commitments of a risk-bearing nature or matching as to maturity of assets and liabilities and off-balance-sheet items or open foreign currency, swap, option or similar positions or access to the payments system.
43.2 Banks that engage in similar activities and that are in comparable financial condition shall be subject to similar rules and orders.
Submission of Information to the BPK
44.1 Banks shall furnish to the BPK such information concerning their operations and financial condition as the BPK may require.
44.2 The BPK may publish such information and data in whole or in part in aggregate form for classes of banks determined in accordance with the nature of their business.
Foreign Exchange Regulation and Operations
Foreign Exchange Dealers
The BPK shall have the power to:
Issue rules and orders governing foreign exchange transactions of individuals, non-financial enterprises, financial institutions,
and agencies and instrumentalities of the UN Interim Administration in Kosovo;
Supervise and regulate foreign exchange dealers, including banks;
Set limits on foreign exchange positions of foreign exchange dealers, including banks; and
Establish the method for determining the value of currencies in relation to other currencies.
Reporting of Foreign Exchange Transactions
Licensed foreign exchange dealers, including banks, may be required by the BPK to report periodically to the BPK on their operations, including their open foreign exchange positions, on a currency-by-currency basis; the BPK shall prescribe the reporting forms and supporting documents to be submitted.
Dealing in Foreign Exchange
The BPK may:
Buy, sell, or deal in gold coins or bullion or other precious metals;
Buy, sell, or deal in foreign exchange, using for these purposes assets described in section 48; and
Determine the rate at which it will buy, sell or deal in foreign currencies.
Foreign Exchange Assets
48.1 The BPK shall hold on its balance sheet and manage assets denominated in foreign exchange consisting of any or all of the following assets:
Foreign exchange in the form of notes and coins held within Kosovo or bank balances held abroad in foreign currencies in banks whose short term liabilities are rated in one of the two highest categories by internationally recognized credit rating agencies; and
Debt securities issued or guaranteed by states or central banks of the European Union maturing within 180 days that are denominated and payable in Euros.
48.2 The primary objectives in selecting foreign exchange assets shall be safety of principal and liquidity. Subject to these objectives, such assets shall be selected to maximize earnings.
Clearing and Payments Agreements
The BPK may, either for its own account or for the account and by order of the Central Fiscal Authority, enter into clearing and payments agreements or any other contracts for the same purpose with public and private central clearing institutions domiciled abroad.
The BPK shall provide, upon payment of reasonable fees, custodial facilities to financial institutions and the public at large for banknotes and coins in currencies that it determines.
Currency Reserve Inventory
The BPK shall administer a currency reserve inventory in such currencies as it deems appropriate for the settlement of domestic and international transactions to ensure the regular supply of currency to meet the requirements of the economy of Kosovo and may charge reasonable fees for this service.
Financial Statements, Audit, and Reports
Financial Year of the BPK
The financial year of the BPK shall begin on the first day of January and end on the last day of December.
53.1 The BPK shall maintain accounts and records in accordance with international accounting standards to reflect its operations and financial condition.
53.2 The financial statements of the BPK shall include separate accounts for a General Reserve; provisions for bad and doubtful debts; and depreciation in assets.
The BPK shall prepare financial statements for each of its financial years. They shall include a balance sheet, a profit and loss statement, and related statements.
Independent Audit of BPK Accounts
The accounts, records, and financial statements of the BPK shall be audited by internationally recognized independent auditors recommended by the Governing Board and approved by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General. The Special Representative of the Secretary-General may dismiss the BPK independent auditors for good cause.
Transmittal and Publication of Statements and Reports
56.1 The BPK shall, within four months after the close of each of its financial year, submit to the Special Representative of the Secretary-General:
Financial statements certified by its external auditors;
A report of its operations and affairs during that year; and
A report on the state of the economy.
56.2 The BPK shall prepare, as soon as possible after the last working day of each calendar quarter, but in any event within 15 working days, summary financial statements as of the end of that quarter.
56.3 Upon their completion, the BPK shall publish the financial statements and reports described in sections 56.1 and 56.2; the BPK may publish such other reports and studies on financial and economic matters as it may deem appropriate.
Consultations on Regulatory Proposals
The BPK shall be consulted by the UN Interim Administration in Kosovo on any proposals with respect to matters that relate to BPK. s objectives or that otherwise are within its fields of competence, before they are finalized.
Preferential Right of the BPK
58.1 The BPK shall have an unconditional preferential right to satisfy each of its claims from any cash balances and other assets that it holds for its own account or for the account of the debtor concerned, whether as collateral to secure its claims or otherwise, at the time that such claim becomes due and payable.
58.2 The BPK may exercise its preferential right only by keeping cash balances and by selling other assets against a reasonable price and paying itself from the proceeds of the sale after deducting therefrom the costs associated with the sale. No court action shall be required for, and no competing claim shall be permitted to delay, the exercise by the BPK of its preferential right in accordance with the provisions of this section, not even claims of ownership or other previously acquired rights, unless there shall be clear and convincing evidence that staff of the BPK knew or should be considered to have known at the time that the assets came into the possession of the BPK that the assets did not belong to the debtor concerned.
Prohibited Activities of the BPK
59.1 Except as otherwise specifically authorized by the present regulation or any subsequent regulation or administrative direction, the BPK shall not:
Grant any credit, maintain any deposit, or make any monetary or financial gift;
Engage in commerce, purchase the shares of any corporation or company, including the shares of any financial institution, or otherwise have an ownership interest in any financial, commercial, agricultural, industrial, or other undertaking; or
Acquire by purchase, lease, or otherwise any real rights in or to immovable property, except as it shall consider necessary or expedient for the provision of premises for the conduct of its administration and operations or for the housing of its employees or similar requirements incidental to the performance of its functions under the provisions of the present regulation.
59.2 Notwithstanding any other provision of the present regulation, the BPK may:
Make loans to, or have an ownership share or otherwise participate in, any organization that is engaged in activities that are required for the proper discharge of the BPK's own functions or responsibilities;
Acquire, in the course of satisfaction of debts due to it, any interests or rights referred to in section 59.1(b); provided that all such interests or rights so acquired shall be disposed of at the earliest suitable opportunity; or
Grant credit to any of its employees for such purposes, in such amounts and on such terms and conditions as it may determine; provided, however, that its capital accounts shall be reduced by the amounts of such credit.
Collection of Statistical Information
60.1 The BPK shall collect the statistical information required for the achievement of its objectives and the carrying out of its tasks and may engage in technical cooperation to this end with competent authorities from outside Kosovo.
60.2 The BPK shall define the statistical information so required and the form in which such information is to be provided to the BPK, the persons that are to provide such information to the BPK, and the confidentiality regime that shall apply to statistical information provided to the BPK.
60.3 The BPK shall contribute to the harmonization of rules and practices governing the collection, compilation and distribution of statistics within its fields of competence.
Immunity of the BPK from Taxation
The BPK, its assets, property and income, and its operations and transactions, shall be exempt from all income, property, excise and capital gains taxes and duties.
BPK Regulatory and Inspection Powers
62.1 The BPK shall be empowered to issue such rules, orders or guidelines to visit such offices of banks, to examine such accounts, books, documents and other records, and to take such other action as the BPK shall deem necessary or advisable to give effect to the provisions of the present regulation.
62.2 All rules, orders and guidelines issued by the BPK that apply to more than one institution shall be published and shall take effect on the date of such publication or on such later date as such directive or guideline shall specify. The BPK shall maintain a public register of such rules, orders and guidelines.
62.3 Rules and orders of the BPK shall be final determinations in administrative proceedings.
Standards of Good Administration
63.1 The BPK shall use the powers given it under the present regulation equitably and uniformly and in accordance with sound administrative practices. It shall refrain from using any such power to serve an objective for which the power was not given or in excess of what shall be required to achieve the objective for which the power was given.
63.2 The decisions of the BPK taken pursuant to the present regulation shall be impartial and shall be motivated only by objective and rational considerations; they shall be executed with fairness and restraint.
The BPK shall be authorized to open, and maintain on its books, accounts the assets and liabilities of which shall be segregated from the other assets and liabilities of the BPK. The assets of each such account shall be available only to meet liabilities of that account and no other assets of the BPK shall be available to meet liabilities of such account.
The BPK shall apply non-discriminatory personnel policies to ensure that the composition of the staff of the BPK reflects the multi-ethnic character of the communities of Kosovo.
In any court or arbitration proceeding arising out of or in connection with the present Regulation against the BPK or an officer, employee, or agent of the BPK:
The sole question before the court or arbitration court in determining whether the defendant acted unlawfully shall be whether the defendant acted in an arbitrary or capricious manner in light of the facts and the law or rules, orders or guidelines at issue;
An administrator, employee, or agent of the BPK shall not be liable for damages or otherwise liable for acts or omissions performed pursuant to and in the course of the duties and responsibilities unless such acts or omissions constitute intentional wrongful conduct; and
The action in question shall continue without restriction during the period of an appeal and any further appeal or other judicial proceedings related to the appeal.
67.1 The headings in the present regulation are used solely for convenience of reference and are not a part of and are not intended to govern, limit, or aid in the construction of any term or provision hereof.
67.2 Terms used in the conjunctive or disjunctive in the present regulation may be read vice versa whenever the change is necessary to effectuate the obvious intention of the provision in question.
67.3 Words in the singular in the present regulation may be construed as plural and vice versa whenever the change is necessary to effectuate the obvious intention of the provision in question.
The Special Representative of the Secretary-General shall have the power to give administrative directions and orders in relation to the implementation of the present regulation.
Effect on Previous Statutory Provisions
The provisions of applicable law relating to matters covered by the present regulation shall apply subject to the provisions of the present regulation.
Entry into Force
This Regulation shall enter into force on 15 November 1999.
71.1 Notwithstanding sections 11 and 12, until two years from the effective date of the present Regulation or such earlier date when the BPK may determine that banks in Kosovo are equipped to provide such services, the BPK may open demand deposit accounts on its books on behalf of natural persons and enterprises, in currencies it determines, whether or not legal tender, receive and disburse moneys and keep account thereof, and provide payments and collection services related thereto. The BPK shall pay to the limits of the deposited amounts against payment orders concerning such accounts. The BPK shall pay no interest on such deposits. Such accounts shall be subject to such further terms and conditions as the BPK shall specify, including the payment of reasonable fees. Such demand deposit accounts shall not be taken into account for purposes of determining the amount of the capital and the General Reserve accounts in relation to the amount of the credit balances of all accounts maintained on the books of the BPK by account holders shown on the balance sheet of the BPK for the end of each financial year.
71.2 Thirty days from the effective date of the present regulation, no entity may conduct the business of a bank in Kosovo unless it has submitted an application to receive a license to conduct the business of a bank from the BPK in accordance with the present regulation.
71.3 On the effective date of the present regulation, the authorities that conduct payments transactions and central banking activities in Kosovo shall cease to engage in activities that, in the judgment of the BPK, interfere with the conduct of its functions.
71.4 Compensation received, or the renouncement of such compensation, by members of the Governing Board in relation to their service to the BPK, other than as described in section 19, shall be disclosed in writing to the Special Representative of the Secretary-General.
Special Representative of the Secretary-General